The projected distribution of future resources and capabilities, which play into perceptions of power today; measured in terms of estimated economic, defence and broad resources in 2030, as well as working-age population forecasts for 2050.
Future resources is calculated using a weighted average of scores across 4 sub-measures and 10 indicators.
In 2023, most scores for the top 10 countries are trending downward for future resources. The United States has the highest score (75.9), followed by China (72.9) and India (47.7). Pakistan has gained the most points (+1.0), while the United States has lost the most points (−4.5).
Select a sub-measure or indicator to compare data points across countries and years.
Economic resources 2030
Estimated future economic size and capabilitiesView all submeasure scores
Defence resources 2030
Estimated future defence spending and military capability enhancementsView all submeasure scores
Broad resources 2030
Estimated future broad resources based on current ratio of GDP and military expenditure to resource measures scoreView all submeasure scores
Demographic resources 2050
Demographic variables expected to contribute to future GDP beyond 2030View all submeasure scores