The United States is a superpower in Asia.
Despite remaining in pole position, the United States has experienced the largest drop in relative power of any country in 2020. Its overall score declined by three points compared to 2019. A ten-point lead over China two years ago has been narrowed by half in 2020.
The United States claims the top spot in half of the measures of power: military capability, resilience, defence networks and cultural influence. But the country experienced score losses in all but one of the Index measures. Improved resource security has contributed to a modest uptick in America’s resilience.
Washington continues to be at the centre of the most developed defence networks in the region. America’s soft power is still evident in the number of international students that attend its universities and the fact that the country remains the leading source of foreign media in the region.
However, the United States took a large reputational hit for its domestic and international handling of the COVID-19 pandemic. Its lowest ranking appears in the diplomatic influence measure, where it falls behind China and Japan. The country’s economic relationships are also waning, with regional trade and investment down in relative terms.
The United States exerts less influence in the region than expected given its available resources, as indicated by the country’s negative power gap score. This score has deteriorated for the second consecutive year.
Read more analysis in the Key Findings report. Explore further results in the Scores section.
A country’s weighted average across eight measures of power