China is a superpower in Asia.
Its overall score has remained unchanged over the past year, despite a notable fall in its score for diplomatic influence.
China continues to lead the rankings in half of the Index measures: economic capability, future resources, diplomatic influence and economic relationships. It also remains in second place behind the United States for military capability and cultural influence. The latter due largely to China’s people exchanges in the region, including through diaspora communities and regional travel.
Beijing’s weakest performance is in its defence networks, where it comes in at 8th place. This measure has consistently been China’s poorest showing in the Index. However, it has improved significantly over the years; from 12th in 2018, to 9th in 2019 and 8th in 2020.
China is among the first economies to recover from the economic impact of the coronavirus pandemic. However, its score for economic capability dropped slightly as a result of setbacks in connectivity and technology, amid escalating great power competition with the United States.
China exerts less influence in the region than expected given its available resources, as indicated by the country’s negative power gap score. While China is a net underachiever in Asia, its power gap is ahead of that of the United States.
Read more analysis in the Key Findings report. Explore further results in the Scores section.
A country’s weighted average across eight measures of power