Vietnam is a middle power in Asia.
Vietnam’s power ranking has increased by one place from last year, overtaking New Zealand. The country registered the largest improvement in relative power of any country — gaining 1.3 points in 2020.
Vietnam performs best in the diplomatic influence measure, where it places 9th — up by three places from last year — with its reputation strengthened by the competent handling of the coronavirus pandemic. The country also saw notable improvements in its score for economic capability and defence networks.
The country also jumped three places in defence networks measures. Its lowest ranking is in the resilience measure, coming in at 19th place. Vietnam’s contested maritime boundaries in the South China Sea, and its proximity and legacy of interstate conflict with China, play into its geopolitical vulnerability.
Vietnam exerts more influence in the region than expected given its available resources, as indicated by the country’s positive power gap score.
Read more analysis in the Key Findings report . Explore further results in the Scores section.
A country’s weighted average across eight measures of power