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Ranked 12 of 26 for comprehensive power, with an overall score of 17.5 out of 100.

Lost 0.8 points (−4% change) in overall score in 2023.


Vietnam is a middle power in Asia.

The country lost 0.8 points in its overall power relative to 2021.

Vietnam performs best in the diplomatic influence measure, placing ninth, the result of its proactive diplomatic outreach with a diverse set of partners.

Resilience remains the country’s weakest measure, with Vietnam ranking 19th, in part reflecting its contested maritime boundaries in the South China Sea, its proximity to China, and its legacy of interstate conflict with Beijing.

Vietnam’s biggest declines in 2022 were in the defence networks measure, where the country dropped to 15th.

Vietnam exerts more influence in the region than expected given its available resources, as indicated by the country’s positive power gap score, which improved in 2022.

Read more analysis in the Key Findings report. Explore further results in the Scores section.

Bilateral Influence

Bilateral trade, current dollars (2020)

Countries that influence Vietnam

Globally, which countries does Vietnam do most of its trade with?

China 27.1%

United States 17.0%

South Korea 12.3%

European Union 9.2%

Japan 7.4%

Countries influenced by Vietnam

Which countries in the region rely most on trade with Vietnam?

Laos 8.1%

Cambodia 8.1%

South Korea 7.0%

China 4.2%

Thailand 3.8%