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Ranked 12 of 26 for comprehensive power, with an overall score of 18.3 out of 100.

Lost 1.0 points (−5% change) in overall score in 2021.


Vietnam is a middle power in Asia.

The country lost one point in its overall power score relative to 2020.

Vietnam performs best in the future resources, diplomatic influence and defence networks measures, where it places 10th. Its lowest ranking is in the resilience measure, coming in at 19th place. Vietnam’s contested maritime boundaries in the South China Sea, and its proximity and legacy of interstate conflict with China, play into its geopolitical vulnerability.

In 2021, Vietnam slipped by one place in both the military capability and diplomatic influence measures.

Vietnam exerts more influence in the region than expected given its available resources, as indicated by the country’s positive power gap score. While Vietnam is a net overachiever in Asia, its positive power gap deteriorated in 2021.

Read more analysis in the Key Findings report . Explore further results in the Scores section.

Bilateral Influence

Bilateral trade, current dollars (2020)

Countries that influence Vietnam

Globally, which countries does Vietnam do most of its trade with?

China 25.9%

United States 17.0%

South Korea 12.1%

European Union 9.8%

Japan 7.6%

Countries influenced by Vietnam

Which countries in the region rely most on trade with Vietnam?

Laos 8.6%

Cambodia 8.5%

South Korea 6.8%

China 4.4%

Thailand 3.8%