Mongolia is a minor power in Asia.
The country’s overall score in the Index declined by 0.5 points compared to 2019.
Mongolia performs best in the defence networks measure, where it places 20th. Despite Ulaanbaatar’s close defence ties with Washington — forged through combined military operations with the United States in the Middle East — the country is trending downward for regional defence diplomacy in 2020. Its lowest rankings are in the diplomatic influence and cultural influence measures, coming in at 24th place.
In 2020, Mongolia moved up one place in its resilience ranking. However, the landlocked country continues to face strategic vulnerabilities due to its geographic position between two more powerful neighbours — China and Russia. It has also slipped by two places in the future resources measure.
Mongolia exerts less influence in the region than expected given its available resources, as indicated by the country’s negative power gap score. While Mongolia is a net underachiever in Asia, its negative power gap improved in 2020.
Read more analysis in the Key Findings report. Explore further results in the Scores section.
A country’s weighted average across eight measures of power