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Ranked 24 of 26 for comprehensive power, with an overall score of 5.7 out of 100.


Mongolia is a minor power in Asia.

The country’s overall score in the Index has remained unchanged over the past year.

Mongolia performs best in the military capability and diplomatic influence measures, where it places 21st for both. Despite Ulaanbaatar’s close historical defence ties with Washington — forged through combined military operations with the United States in the Middle East — the country has registered a downward shift in its defence networks in 2021. Its lowest ranking is in the cultural influence measure, coming in at 24th place.

In 2021, Mongolia moved up three places in its diplomatic influence ranking. However, the landlocked country continues to face strategic vulnerabilities due to its geographic position between two more powerful neighbours — China and Russia.

Mongolia exerts less influence in the region than expected given its available resources, as indicated by the country’s negative power gap score. While Mongolia is a net underachiever in Asia, its negative power gap improved in 2021.

Read more analysis in the Key Findings report . Explore further results in the Scores section.

Bilateral Influence

Bilateral trade, current dollars (2020)

Countries that influence Mongolia

Globally, which countries does Mongolia do most of its trade with?

China 67.4%

Russia 13.3%

European Union 5.1%

Japan 3.2%

South Korea 2.1%

Countries influenced by Mongolia

Which countries in the region rely most on trade with Mongolia?

North Korea 0.9%

Russia 0.3%

China 0.1%