India is a middle power in Asia.
As the fourth most powerful country in Asia, India falls just short of the major power threshold in 2020. Its overall score declined by 1.3 points compared to 2019.
India is one of eighteen countries in the region to trend downward in its overall score in 2020, due largely to the health and economic toll of the coronavirus pandemic.
The country performs best in the future resources measure, where it finishes behind only the United States and China. However, lost growth potential for Asia’s third largest economy because of the impact of the coronavirus pandemic has led to a slightly diminished economic forecast for 2030.
India finishes in 4th place in five other measures: economic capability, military capability, resilience, diplomatic influence and cultural influence. New Delhi saw its diplomatic influence ranking improve by two places, overtaking South Korea and Russia, despite a loss of points due to the poor international perception of its handling of the pandemic.
India is trending in opposite directions for its two weakest measures of power. On the one hand, it is up by one place in defence networks, reflecting progress in its regional defence diplomacy — notably with the quadrilateral security grouping, which includes Australia, Japan and the United States. On the other hand, India has slipped into 7th position for economic relationships, as it falls further behind in regional trade integration efforts.
The decision to withdraw from the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership has been damaging in this regard. Meanwhile, China’s economic clout continues to grow in India’s near abroad — including in Nepal where Beijing has displaced New Delhi as the primary foreign investor.
India exerts less influence in the region than expected given its available resources, as indicated by the country’s negative power gap score.
Read more analysis in the Key Findings report. Explore further results in the Scores section.
A country’s weighted average across eight measures of power