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Ranked 4 of 26 for comprehensive power, with an overall score of 37.7 out of 100.

Lost 2.0 points (−5% change) in overall score in 2021.


India is a middle power in Asia.

As the fourth most powerful country in Asia, India again falls short of the major power threshold in 2021. Its overall score declined by two points compared to 2020. India is one of eighteen countries in the region to trend downward in its overall score in 2021.

The country performs best in the future resources measure, where it finishes behind only the United States and China. However, lost growth potential for Asia’s third largest economy due largely to the impact of the coronavirus pandemic has led to a diminished economic forecast for 2030.

India finishes in 4th place in four other measures: economic capability, military capability, resilience and cultural influence.

India is trending in opposite directions for its two weakest measures of power. On the one hand, it remains in 7th place in its defence networks, reflecting progress in its regional defence diplomacy — notably with the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, which includes Australia, Japan and the United States. On the other hand, India has slipped into 8th position for economic relationships, as it falls further behind in regional trade integration efforts.

India exerts less influence in the region than expected given its available resources, as indicated by the country’s negative power gap score. Its negative power gap score has deteriorated further in 2021 relative to previous years.

Read more analysis in the Key Findings report . Explore further results in the Scores section.

Bilateral Influence

Bilateral trade, current dollars (2020)

Countries that influence India

Globally, which countries does India do most of its trade with?

China 15.8%

United States 11.7%

European Union 11.1%

United Arab Emirates 6.5%

Saudi Arabia 3.7%

Countries influenced by India

Which countries in the region rely most on trade with India?

Nepal 63.3%

Sri Lanka 12.9%

Bangladesh 9.3%

Indonesia 5.0%

Myanmar 4.3%