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Ranked 4 of 26 for comprehensive power, with an overall score of 36.3 out of 100.

Lost 1.4 points (−4% change) in overall score in 2023.


India is a middle power in Asia.

India is the fourth most powerful country in Asia, but its overall score has declined every year since 2018. In 2022, India lost 1.4 points compared to 2021.

India performs best in the future resources measure, placing third behind only the United States and China. By contrast, India’s lowest ranked measure is economic relationships, a result of the country sitting outside the regional economic integration agenda.

Over the past year, India’s most improved measure was diplomatic influence, rising one place to fourth. However, India dropped one place for both economic relationships and defence networks to ninth and eighth, respectively.

India exerts less influence in the region than expected given its available resources, as indicated by the country’s negative power gap score. In 2022, for the first time, India recorded a small positive improvement in its power gap.

Read more analysis in the Key Findings report. Explore further results in the Scores section.

Bilateral Influence

Bilateral trade, current dollars (2020)

Countries that influence India

Globally, which countries does India do most of its trade with?

China 15.8%

United States 11.8%

European Union 11.2%

United Arab Emirates 6.5%

Saudi Arabia 3.7%

Countries influenced by India

Which countries in the region rely most on trade with India?

Nepal 62.9%

Sri Lanka 13.7%

Bangladesh 9.3%

Indonesia 4.6%

Myanmar 4.0%