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Ranked 10 of 26 for comprehensive power, with an overall score of 18.7 out of 100.

Lost 0.4 points (−2% change) in overall score in 2023.


Thailand is a middle power in Asia.

The country’s overall score declined by 0.4 points over the past year.

Thailand’s strongest measure is economic relationships, where it places seventh, the result of its integration into regional supply chains and strong investment relationships with Asia Power Index countries.

Thailand’s lowest rankings are for military capability and future resources, in which it places 14th for both measures.

Thailand improved most on the future resources and diplomatic influence measures, rising one place for both. By contrast, in cultural influence, traditionally Thailand’s strongest measure, the country dropped two places to eighth, due to declining tourism during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Thailand exerts more influence in the region than expected given its available resources, as indicated by the country’s positive power gap score, which improved in 2022.

Read more analysis in the Key Findings report. Explore further results in the Scores section.

Bilateral Influence

Bilateral trade, current dollars (2020)

Countries that influence Thailand

Globally, which countries does Thailand do most of its trade with?

China 21.3%

Japan 11.6%

United States 11.2%

European Union 7.5%

Malaysia 4.3%

Countries influenced by Thailand

Which countries in the region rely most on trade with Thailand?

Laos 49.6%

Myanmar 14.3%

Cambodia 9.4%

Philippines 5.1%

Malaysia 4.5%