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Ranked 9 of 26 for comprehensive power, with an overall score of 19.4 out of 100.

Up 2 ranks in 2021 for comprehensive power.
Lost 0.5 points (−3% change) in overall score.


Indonesia is a middle power in Asia.

Indonesia’s overall power ranking increased by two places from last year, having overtaken Thailand and Malaysia. This is in spite of the country’s score declining by 0.5 points compared to 2020, with other large Southeast Asian counterparts registering losses of even greater margins. The country is one of eighteen in the region to register a downward shift in its overall score in 2021.

Indonesia performs best in the future resources measure, where it places 5th. Its lowest ranking is in the defence networks measure, coming in at 14th place.

In 2021, Indonesia saw its greatest improvement in its diplomatic influence, where it moved up two places. It now outranks Singapore as the most diplomatically influential player in Southeast Asia, with President Joko Widodo having cemented his position as a leading statesman on the regional stage.

Indonesia exerts slightly more influence in the region than expected given its available resources, as indicated by the country’s positive power gap score. Indonesia is a net overachiever in Asia, and its positive power gap improved marginally in 2021.

Read more analysis in the Key Findings report . Explore further results in the Scores section.

Bilateral Influence

Bilateral trade, current dollars (2020)

Countries that influence Indonesia

Globally, which countries does Indonesia do most of its trade with?

China 22.7%

Singapore 9.2%

Japan 9.0%

United States 8.3%

European Union 7.2%

Countries influenced by Indonesia

Which countries in the region rely most on trade with Indonesia?

Singapore 5.1%

Philippines 4.1%

Malaysia 4.0%

Pakistan 3.7%

Myanmar 3.5%