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Ranked 14 of 26 for comprehensive power, with an overall score of 16.2 out of 100.

Lost 0.5 points (−3% change) in overall score in 2021.


Taiwan is a middle power in Asia.

The territory lost 0.5 points in its overall score relative to 2020.

Taiwan performs best in the economic capability measure, where it places 8th, and is trending upwards. It is one of only three economies in the region now predicted to have a larger GDP in 2030 than originally forecast prior to the pandemic.

Taiwan remains a diplomatic outsider in the region, with its lowest ranking in the diplomatic influence measure, coming in at 19th place. However, Taiwan maintains a substantial network of unofficial representative offices abroad, with its foreign policy bureaucracy ranked 8th in the region for its efficacy.

Taipei’s competent handling of the Covid-19 pandemic has boosted its international reputation. However, the island’s proximity, disputed sovereignty and legacy of conflict with China pose the largest risks to its power.

Taiwan exerts less influence in the region than expected given its available resources, as indicated by the country’s negative power gap score. Its negative power gap score deteriorated in 2021 relative to 2020.

* Taiwan is included in the Index as a self-governing territory claimed by China.

Read more analysis in the Key Findings report . Explore further results in the Scores section.

Bilateral Influence

Bilateral trade, current dollars (2020)

Countries that influence Taiwan

Globally, which countries does Taiwan do most of its trade with?

China 31.0%

United States 13.2%

Japan 10.9%

South Korea 5.6%

Singapore 4.2%

Countries influenced by Taiwan

Which countries in the region rely most on trade with Taiwan?

Singapore 6.7%

China 6.7%

Papua New Guinea 6.1%

Japan 5.5%

Malaysia 5.1%