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Ranked 25 of 26 for comprehensive power, with an overall score of 4.5 out of 100.


Nepal is a minor power in Asia.

The country has defied a prevailing regional downward trend with an unchanged overall score over the past year.

Nepal performs best in economic capability, defence networks and cultural influence rankings, where it places 23rd for all. Its lowest ranking is in the resilience measure, coming in at 26th place.

In 2021, Nepal climbed the rankings for future resources, diplomatic influence and defence networks. However, it fell by one place in the military capability measure, reinforcing its vulnerability as a landlocked country between two more powerful neighbours — China and India.

Nepal exerts less influence in the region than expected given its available resources, as indicated by the country’s negative power gap score. While Nepal is a net underachiever in Asia, its negative power gap improved in 2021.

Read more analysis in the Key Findings report . Explore further results in the Scores section.

Bilateral Influence

Bilateral trade, current dollars (2020)

Countries that influence Nepal

Globally, which countries does Nepal do most of its trade with?

India 63.3%

China 13.7%

Canada 2.9%

European Union 2.6%

United States 2.0%

Countries influenced by Nepal

Which countries in the region rely most on trade with Nepal?

India 1.0%